Did you know there are around 800 caves in Maharashtra? Some large, small and some concealed within the hills. As, I said earlier, I am fascinated by the history of caves and it makes me explore more and more. Today in Nanchi’s Fun Facts Friday, I will be sharing you the facts on Vishwakarma Cave, Cave no.10, Ellora Caves, Verul.
Ellora caves are quite popular and will write in detail about the destination some other time but today let’s start with the Vishwakarma Cave….
- Vishwarkarma Cave is the Cave no. 10 of the most popular Ellora Caves, constructed in the 7th Century.
- It is also known as ‘Sutar ki Jhopdi‘ or ‘Carpenter’s cave‘ owing to the finishing of the rock.
- This cave is the only Chaitya Hall in the Ellora.
- The imposing apsidal Chaitya hall has an elaborate stupa in the rear.
- A huge figure of Buddha in the Pralambapada posture with the Bodhisattvas and Vidyadharas is carved in the front of the stupas.
- The interior has central nave and side aisles measuring 85 feet in length, 43 feet width and 34 feet height.The nave is separated by the aisles by 28 octagonal pillars, 14 feet in height.
- The Vaulted roof is the imitation of wooden ribs (naga Ribs).
- Between the naga ends of the ribs and the tops of the pillars are two friezes. The upper frieze shows Buddha figures in panels and the lower one shows ganas.
- The balcony of the two storied cave can be reached by the stairs on the northern side of the verandah.
- The walls on the first floor have cells and niches having figures of Avalokitesvara and Vajrapani.
- There is Buddhist creed inscribed in characters of the 8th-9th century.
- The dancing figures and the mithunas on the parapets are noteworthy.
When visiting Ellora, Cave no.10 or the Vishwakarma cave is not to be missed.